Niloofar Flower (Lotus), has always been considered of great importance in ancient Persia. Its sacredness is mostly related to its aquatic nurturing and growth environment, because water was a symbol of an ancient ocean giving birth to the whole universe, and Lotus, floating on the water, was the womb with roots inside the Earth and branches in the water, facing the Sun, opening in the sunrise and closing by sunset. It resembled the Sun itself, which is the source of life. Therefore, it was considered a symbol of creation, fertility, reincarnation and immortality. Lotus reminds us of a spiritual flourishing, because its roots are inside the mud, but the flower ascends towards the top. Its roots symbolize permanence, and its branches are reminders of umbilical cords which connect the human being to its origins, symbolizing a divine birth. Its message for the humanity, is an invitation to the light and to project this light to all humanity, which has been the symbol of Achaemenian history.
Snake:In the ancient times, a snake was considered a self-generating bi-gender creature, therefore it was considered the symbol of Duality. Symbol of Life and Death, righteousness and wrongfulness, Poison and Antidote, Death and Rebirth. It was the symbol of death because of its fatal poison, and symbol of life because of having the antidote to that poison. It was a symbol of eternal life and resurrection because of skin change. This duality made it look like a bridge between Heaven and Earth and the Underworld. In the ancient history of Zahak from “The Story of Kings” by Ferdowsi, Zahak was a mythical king of Persia whose name meant “Evil Snake” in Avesta, the Zoroastrian religious book. He became king after murdering his father, being kissed by the Satan on both shoulders, snakes grow on the shoulders and Satan tells him that for an eternal life, and immortality, he needs to feed these snakes every day with the brain of two young men.
Simurgh and Falcon:
Simurgh, a legendary bird in the ancient Persian culture has been the symbol of desire, fire, hope, victory and authority. In ancient Persian Mythology, Simurgh was the king of all birds which witnessed the destruction of whole universe three times, knowledgeable of all sciences and the representative of Gods on Earth. The symbol that I have used in here, is the symbol of Far-vahar, a national and religious symbol, which depicts the human being as a high-flying Falcon, representing honor and glory. An Eagle, or a Golden Falcon, has been the used as the sign on the Ancient Persian flag, and its presence of the Achaemenian flag, was the sign of divine victory. A combination of Falcon and Simurgh, is a symbol of divine power. Having two wings on the sides, each with three feathers, is the embodiment of Zoroastrian good word, good deed and good thought, something to motivate flying high and moving forward at the same time, and helps the humanity to reach perfection and maturity. I decided to show both sides of Life and Death by the using the lights and shadows on this skull.